In today’s business world, cargo loads of all shapes and sizes are transported every day. Whether it’s by truck, ship, or rail, it’s crucial that these loads are able to be transported safely and securely to virtually any destination. However, as more regulations have been put in place in recent years, businesses dealing with this issue must know exactly what to do and how to do it when transporting large cargo. To ensure the safety of everyone is first and foremost during each transport, there are numerous steps that can be taken by businesses to not only maintain safety, but also guarantee the cargo arrives on time and in good condition.
The Costs of Improperly Secured Freight
When large cargo is not transported properly, the results can be devastating in numerous ways. Not only can the safety of drivers, dockworkers, and innocent bystanders be compromised, but the financial damage done to a business can also be dramatic. If there are injuries or fatalities associated with the improper transport, legal action may be brought against the company, which could result in lawsuits of perhaps millions of dollars. Along with this, additional business may be lost if the cargo is not delivered as promised, leading to the reputation of the shipping company taking a hit. And perhaps most importantly, insurance rates for the transport company will likely skyrocket, leading to additional financial problems.
To make sure large cargo reaches its destination safely and securely, transport companies have numerous guidelines they must follow. For example, long before the cargo ever begins its journey, the company must develop a shipping schedule and be assured it meets guidelines established by such government agencies as the Federal Highway Administration. Along with this, transportation coordination plans must be finalized and coordinated with any local, state, and federal agencies to ensure no problems ensue with traffic or other logistics. And to make sure the cargo is kept in top condition during the transport, it is wrapped and sealed with protective materials such as plywood, plastic foam, or other packing materials that will keep it in excellent condition. As a security precaution, all cargo is photographed prior to transport, and the pictures sent to the receiving party in order to make sure the cargo arrives as expected as well as in the condition expected by those on the receiving end.
Cargo Securing Techniques
For large cargo that is transported via truck, there are a number of cargo securing techniques that must be used to maximize cargo space utilization. For example, dunnage bags filled with air can be placed between cargo stacks, keeping the cargo from shifting while on the road. Along with being a cost-effective method of securing cargo, dunnage bags can also be easily disposed of once the shipment is complete. To keep cargo from sliding across the floor of a truck’s bed, friction mats made of thick rubber can be placed along the inside of the trailer, ensuring an accident will not take place. Finally, ratchet straps can be used to secure virtually any type of cargo. Lightweight and very strong, they come in almost any size and can be adapted to be used in trucks, trailers, and on almost any type of other platform used for cargo transportation.
“Along with standard large cargo, there are many types of refrigerated large cargo that must be transported safely and securely,” said Shipper’s Supplies. To make this happen, a number of specialized techniques are used. One of the most popular options is what’s known as “Reefer” trailers, which use much less cargo securing equipment. Due in part to the fact that food safety regulations require frequent interior sanitizing, these trailers rely on short tracks in the rear and cargo nets to keep the load from shifting or falling out of the rear of the trailer.
By using these methods with large cargo, a company can be assured of not only keeping the cargo safe and secure, but also making sure it arrives at its destination in perfect condition.