Roofs may seem simple, but there are actually a lot of different types to choose from. Each one developed in response to different conditions, so they all offer a different blend of advantages and disadvantages. Some are better for specific environments, while others are better for mounting solar panels or other accessories on top of the building. Choosing the right type can go a long way towards making sure that a building is comfortable and durable, so it is a good idea to do some research to figure out the best type.
1- Flat Roofing
Flat roofs are the simplest type. Contrary to the name, they are not completely flat. They feature a slight incline that helps water to flow off of the roof rather than accumulating, which it would do if it was perfectly flat.
These roofs tend to be cheap, but their real advantage is their ability to add extra space to a home. Adding a ladder of a staircase that provides access to a flat roof can turn it into an extra floor for the home. They can support HVAC units to keep them hidden from view, or solar panels that can help to power a home. People that want to put in a little bit of extra effort can even plant a garden on their roof to provide a source of free food. That comes at the cost of needing slightly more maintenance than other roofs, but that is a worthwhile trade in many environments.
Many of these additions provide extra benefits to the home, such as added insulation. Builders that plan to take advantage of the roof can use it to make the house much more efficient. In most cases, it is better to think of a flat roof as a platform that can support a variety of other improvements rather than a simple improvement in its own right. That makes it a solid choice for a variety of areas, as long as they don’t need the specific benefits that come from other roofs.
2- Hip Roofing
A hip roof is slightly more complicated. It consists of several panels that come together to create a pyramid on top of the building. The slope tends to be fairly gentle, but there are variants that feature steeper slopes, which can help to get rid of water quickly. There are a lot of different variations on the hip roof, so it tends to be easy to find a version that can fit onto a home and provide a good array of benefits to the owners.
The hip roof benefits from an incredibly degree of stability. The design can brace itself and lacks flat ends that would make it vulnerable to the wind. That makes it a great choice for areas that are prone to high winds or rough storms, such as hurricanes, with steep slopes being preferable in most of those regions. The slopes also create a natural cavity between the top of the roof and the uppermost floor of the building, which can be used to create a spacious attic and to improve ventilation.
Domes are a rare choice, but they can be found on many of the oldest buildings to survive to the modern era. They stand out for their rounded appearance, which appeals to many homeowners, but they also offer plenty of practical benefits.
Domes offer an incredible degree of durability and are highly resistant to rapid winds. Their resistant to blunt force is also higher than most other roofs. Their rounded shape helps water, snow, and other debris to flow off of them quickly.
They can also be useful during the construction process. Builders that are familiar with domes can often build them more quickly than other roofs, and at a lower cost for the materials. Most of the savings will come from the relatively low cost of materials, and most of those materials are also relatively harmless for the environment. The domes do work best when they are paired with a building that is designed to take advantage of them, but that isn’t a problem with most new construction. Taken together, these factors make domes appeal to environmentalists.