Oral care continues to evolve and improve over the decades, which can increase the appearance of your smile and reduce the risk of diseases or ailments that can develop over the years. Many conditions often develop due to a lack of oral hygiene or hereditary factors for both children and adults. Fortunately, there are a number of dental surgeries that are available, which can improve the health of your gums and teeth with the help of professionals.
“Tooth extractions are extremely common and are effective at removing a tooth from the socket and bone if it’s decayed or is broken due to an injury,” said Commonwealth Dentistry. Tooth extractions are often a last resort after attempting to use crowns or fillings. The dental surgery is also performed if certain teeth are crowding the mouth and are making it difficult for other teeth to come in. Many people have their teeth extracted in their 20s before their wisdom teeth come in whereas other adults may have certain teeth removed later on in life if a tooth has deteriorated.
In some cases, those who decide not to undergo a tooth extraction often have a bridge installed on their teeth to restore the durability and strength of the tooth with biting and chewing food.
Root canals treat the pulps of teeth that are diseased or have died. The tooth is often at risk of becoming infected and will begin to ache over time, which can cause pus to develop near the jawbone. Root canals seal off the pulp and can protect the tooth from damage after the surgery is performed.
Dental implants are considered to be a modern alternative to dentures and replace decayed or missing teeth in the mouth. The implants are positioned in the mouth with frames and metal posts that are used to keep them in place long-term. The implant is created to replicate the root and tooth to restore the functionality of the mouth and look natural, which allows the implant to blend in with the surrounding teeth. This reduces the risk of bone loss and preserves healthy teeth that are present to ensure that the patient can continue speaking and eating.
Orthodontic surgeries are common for patients who have jaws that are not properly aligned, which is often performed by an oral surgeon. The dental professional breaks the jaws and realigns them, which changes the appearance of the face and can improve chewing, according to healthguidance.org. Jaw surgery is also performed for those who have a protruding jaw, an open bite, breathing problems, difficulty with swallowing, and chronic TMJ pain. Those who undergo jaw surgery can find relief from TMJ symptoms, which often allows headaches and facial pain to subside.
Gum surgeries are often performed when other non-surgical treatments have been ineffective. This includes gum tissue regenerative surgery if the gums are receding and exposing parts of the teeth near the root. Pocket reduction surgery and soft gum tissue grafts are also common options to restore the gums.
Crown lengthening is also available for those who have gums that have grown too much, which allows the teeth to appear longer. The procedure treats gum disease and is also known as a popular cosmetic procedure that is performed on adults.
Those who undergo regeneration surgery will have the bacteria from a disease removed underneath the gums. Bone grafts and tissue-stimulating proteins are then inserted to prompt the gums to regrow, which allows them to become more secure around the teeth.
Cleft Lip Repair
Cleft lip repair is performed when there’s improper development of a fetus where the mouth and nose fail to grow at the same time. The deformity is often corrected with the surgery and offers immediate results.
Facial Injury or Infections
Facial injuries will also require oral surgery to be performed at times if the bones in the face are fractured or broken. Infections that do not heal can also require surgery if swelling develops on the neck, face, and jaws. The surgery works to remove the infection to allow the face to heal and protect the surrounding gums and teeth.